Post navigation. Claudia Swenson It requires far less use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers. The process for this separation is called retting. Since we talked we have leased a four acre parcel of valley sandy loam. Dispatches from Hemp Research: Harvesting & Evaluating a Field Trial in North Carolina, Conserving Community at Blue Oak Canyon Ranch, https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, https://fibershed.org/programs/fiber-systems-research/hemp/. Seeking advice on startup costs, and economic impacts of processing in your area. Infrastructure issues often exist with processing plant stalks into uniform fiber or woody core. Tossa jute is softer and silkier and more lustrous than white jute. Massive bales of what looked like hay were stacked in front of the building, reaching into the sky three or four bales high, serving as a beautiful contrast to the sky but also hinting at what this blank canvas of a building was hiding inside. The 60,000-square-foot BastCore plant at 715 Shady St. takes in hemp stalks from a nearby farm to process into fiber, chips and other materials for use across different industries. It can be sun bleached to avoid the use of artificial agents. Other important producers of hemp include: China, North Korea, Romania and Hungary. The quality of the final linen yarn and fabric is dependent upon the growing conditions, harvesting methods and whether it is a short fibre known as tow or the more desirable long line fibre. In our country we do not have large fields to enable retting processes. Bast has developed a wet processing technology as well as a post wet processing fiber cleaning technology. Retting refers to the process of separating the fiber from the rest of the plant. Hemp is cultivated all over the world and was such an important crop that in the 19th century over 80% of the world’s fabric was made of hemp. Traditionally, hemp stalks would be water-retted first before the fibers were beaten off the inner hurd by hand, a process known as scutching. The released fibre bundles, called strands, are frequently used without additional separation, in which case they are called fibres. I parked in the grass and was struck by the immensity of the clear blue sky above me. These 4 products are seed, flower, bast (long fiber) and hurd (short fiber). Bast Fibers strives to ‘engineer’ the fibers they need and to: Develop improved lower cost bast fibers from overseas and domestic sources, for easy use on existing processing equipment. Following retting, a sequence of processes to remove the fibres from the woody stalks is carried out first by breaking them and then scraping or scutching them off which is done by beating with blunt wooden or metal blades either by hand or mechanically. Reserve a ticket today to attend the Symposium on November 11th in Point Reyes Station, or tune in to the livestream on this page. And despite the differences of fiber quality with hemp is there still room for use. Ultrasonic fiber processing is a fast and easy-to-use processing technology for industrial production. The extensive root system of bamboo and the fact that it is not uprooted during harvesting means bamboo actually helps preserve soil and prevent soil erosion. The production is concentrated in Bangladesh and some in India, mainly Bengal. The common stinging nettle has great potential for fibre crop production; it is far stronger than cotton and finer than other bast fibres. The center (core) resembles balsa wood and has many uses, including animal bedding and oil absorbants. This was good for small-scale R&D, but wouldn’t be great for larger scale projects, partly because of the large amount of wastewater produced. This produces a more expensive fibre than bamboo viscose which is more widely used for contemporary clothing. In addition, Robeson county is a Tier 1, which is considered an economic depressed area. Linen refers to yarn and fabric made from the fibres of the stem of the flax plant. It is an ideal candidate for sustainable ecological cultivation, as it only requires the minimum use of pesticides and fertilizers. Can you tell about machine manufacturers. I farm northwest of Fremont and see industrial hemp as a viable rotation crop in my organic operation. The natural processing of Litrax bamboo allows the fibre to remain strong to produce an extremely high quality product, and the process results in a very durable textile. The remaining half of the building is taken up by a giant machine specially made for processing bast fibers. We are planning on joining the hemp train in Missouri with a small scale of 10 acres for textile hemp with the potential of expanding to up to 300 acres. It involves using moisture and microbes to break down the chemical bonds that bind the fiber. The CHPC Processing Facility will produce 4 raw materials from properly grown Agricultural Hemp. Thank you!! With crop rotation it is not necessary to use chemical fertilisers and pesticides when growing flax. Due to its ease of cultivation, potential environmental benefits and extraordinary growth rate it is a cheap, sustainable and efficient crop. And I know it won’t be long until others get to know the work of Bastcore too. Additional treatment is required to defibrate the fiber bundles into single fibers and small fiber bundles useful for production of hemp yarn. Perhaps the past few years of living in a city has amplified my appreciation for the open sky, but whatever it may be, at this moment in time, it was striking. Germany and Brazil also import raw jute from Bangladesh. Separation of hurd and bast fiber is known as decortication. Retting is a microbial process that breaks the chemical bonds that hold the stem together and allows separation of the bast fibers from the woody core. The processes for making nettles into desirable and commercially viable textiles are developing all the time and offer a far more environmentally sustainable alternative to conventional cotton. The fiber is around the outside of the plant and comprises one-third of the weight. It is used in areas of internal body parts where its strength and lightness of weight make the vehicles more fuel-efficient and thus a better ecological proposition. Bamboo also contains a substance called bamboo-kun, an antimicrobial agent that gives the plant a natural resistance to pest and fungi infestation. But I highly recommend the book “Bast and other plant fibres” from Woodhead Publishing in Textiles: https://books.google.com/books/about/Bast_and_Other_Plant_Fibres.html?id=gPhxufVCjl4C, We are interested to make cottonized hemp Fiber I am planning to use hemp bast fibers to reinforce bioplastics like PLA. sativa) is an efficient crop, which has multiple uses, the most valuable part of the plant is its fibres for production for the fabric industry, and it is also extensively used for biodegradable plastics and bio fuels. The windrows are baled at 12% moisture content and the bales are transported for processing to remove and separate the bast and hurd fibers. Buzz n Humm Farm Creating consistent hemp fiber that can match the needs of where they are headed next is their biggest challenge, and one that they are actively investigating. The .20 acres that was planted in February is progressing nicely, we have great hopes to be in full production within two years expecting up to 18,000# a year. In textiles it is often mistaken for linen and is extremely absorbent and dries quickly. Bast fiber, also called phloem fiber, is a type of plant fiber that can be collected from the phloem or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants. Maddy Bartsch is a fiber artist and educator based in St. Paul, Minnesota. It is ready for harvesting in 4 years and does not require re-planting as the extensive root base sprouts new shoots readily, it therefore has the potential to be a highly sustainable raw material. I am Durl Van Alstyne of Chico Flax LLC. Therefore, wider diameter stems are preferred. CGT’s state-of-the-art, patent-pending, HempTrain™ Advanced Hemp Processing Plant is a complete hemp processing platform. Ramie is a flowering plant of the nettle family boehmeria niveea that is native to Eastern Asia. The Catalytic Advanced Oxidation is capable of full degumming and delignification of fiber-bearing plant (bast fiber or leaf fiber), thus resulting in the clean cellulose fibers of high quality.This process imitates the natural degradation of bast plant ("retting"), which involves microbial removing of lignins, pectins, gums and hemicellulose in the natural environment. After extraction, the fiber is degummed, dried, decorticated, scotched, hackled and combed processes that separate and clean the component parts. or what is your selling price per pound. Our trip will be in July, date to be determined, we could bring as much as 500#. It contributes to the construction and automotive industries as well as the health food and cosmetics industries. The nutrients from the decaying stalks means that this method is highly polluting to the water source. Please reach out to Bastcore directly at http://www.bastcore.com. Up to the mid 1980s the old Soviet Union was the largest producer, much of it being cultivated in the Ukraine and the parts of Russia close to Poland. Conversely Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Fibershed is a non-profit that supports independent producers, none of whom are currently growing hemp commercially or have arranged contracts. The actual fibres are located between the epidermis, or bark surface, and an inner woody core. Other properties include antistatic and low thermal conduction as well as offering a high level of UV protection. processing Bast fibres, like linen and flax are obtained from the phloem , or inner bark (or skin) of a plant. Kenmccoyone@gmail.com, Hi Ken, thank you for sharing and for the work you are doing! I’m wondering if their could be a used for this fiber as alternative to just being wasted. A huge benefit of using bamboo as the organic base for textile fibres is that there is no need for pesticides or fertilisers when growing bamboo. I have a setup of a large scale production of jute fiber. This will give New Indiana Farmer`s time to get their Hemp Farms started. In the mechanical process the woody stems are crushed and natural enzymes break down the stems so that the fibres can be combed out and spun, using similar methods to the production of flax. Any advice or resources you could point me to would be really helpful. Retting is a controlled ‘rotting’ to remove the gummy (pectinous) substances which glue the bast fibres together, and this can be achieved with different methods: Water retting involves leaving the stalks in tanks or ponds of water (or in a running river), and are acted upon by bacteria, rotting the stalk which separates the fibres from the woody core. Hemp is non-toxic in use, renewable and non-polluting during its life cycle; it needs little if any pesticides, resisting decay and infestation naturally. I have a jute manufacturing unit. Ag Processing Solutions and its partner, Forsbergs, Inc., have developed proprietary technology to separate hemp fiber at a MUCH lower cost than traditional hemp decortication equipment. Using innovative proprietary processing techniques, we clean, separate and refine the bast fibres. They will also offer small fiber mills the potential to create farm yarns that combine the beauty of protein fibers and cellulose fibers all grown within the same region. We are in the process of reaching out to other potential hemp processors. Ramie is also an important fabric both woven and knitted for the North American market where it is seen as a cheaper ‘linen look’ alternative. Develop improved fiber finishes and lubricants which will enhance the processability and performance of the fiber and bring added value to products. As part of our ongoing Bast Fiber Research effort, Fibershed engaged mechanical engineer Nicholas Wenner to connect with bast fiber growers, researchers, processors, and artisans to better understand the state of soil-to-soil systems for these unique plants. Nettle fibres are white, smooth, and up to 50mm (2”) long, and can produce a finer and silkier fabric than flax. Learn more about BastCore at bastcore.com. Most bast fibers are quite strong and are widely used in the manufacture of ropes and twines, bagging materials, and heavy-duty industrial fabrics. In turn, it qualified for several tax credit as well other incentives to do business here. These closely related bast fibers are derived from Hibiscus cannabinus and H. sabdariffa (mallow family, Malvaceae), respectively. chicoflax.com, I have Alpacas and have for a very long time wanted to blend Alpaca with hemp! Yields of the different fiber extraction step in percentage of the 1-m hemp stem portion: bast fiber content (BCD), scutched fiber yield, bio-degummed fiber yield, and hackled fiber yield. Sandy Fisher Bast Fiber Processing Advisor Biolin Research Inc. began as a research facility with the goal of producing value-added fiber from flax grown in the Prairie provinces of Canada. I have secured a to 235,000 square foot of manufacturing facility. Long fibers from the bark of the hemp stalk can be processed into technical textiles and fabric textiles, aka – bast, fiber, hemp fiber, Industrial hemp. durl@chico.com Information about hemp-wool and hemp-wool-alpaca blending processes and textiles is available in the Kentucky Cloth Lookbook. The fibre itself needs to be separated from the interior xylem or woody core and some times also from the epidermis which is the outer most layer of cells that carries nutrients to the leaves. As I drove back to Minnesota that evening, I thought about Nebraska for something altogether different than what I had expected – hemp processing. It is mostly used in the furnishing textile industries, however due to its durability and advantageous properties it is also now being developed for high performance technical textiles. It can be recycled several times within its lifecycle and also has important biodegradable properties. There are two types of ramie; China Grass which is also known as true ramie or white ramie and green ramie which are believed to have originated in Malaysia. It takes the straw-like hemp and spits out, almost as if by some sort of Dr. Seuss-like magic, a fine, fluffy fiber that loosely resembles the “straw” going in, but has taken on a totally different form. It’s the unique ability of hemp to shape-shift to meet users’ needs that puts John and his team at the forefront of figuring out how to fine tune equipment used for processing hemp. There’s also a lot of other natural and reliable building materials that can be used too such as timber, what’s even better now a days is materials get placed into storage like a timber rack or other storage systems, this way the building materials don’t get effected by weather or other forms of erosion. This makes bamboo more able to handle harsh weather conditions such as drought, flood and high temperatures. However, herbicide and fertilizer applications are common in some places to encourage edible shoot growth. Outside, those were actually bales of hemp, harvested from across the country in states like Kentucky, Colorado, and Minnesota, which I was invited to see in person for BastCore’s open house at the end of September. This technology removes the non-cellulosic components, lignin, and sugars, commonly referred to as gums, that bind the cellulosic bast fiber together in the bark of the hemp stalk. Thank you very much to make the world with more hemp. It is often blended with cotton and wool. The process that transforms coarse raw bast fiber into soft white cotton-like fiber for textile applications. Hemp is an ecologically and sustainably important plant, running in tandem with ‘green future’ objectives and is often referred to as the World’s most useful plant. India is the largest grower. Nettles can grow on the most inhospitable land that has been subjected to chemical abuse, but their cultivation uses a very small amount, if any at all of pesticide. Also can retting of jute be change from water retting to enhance the fiber quality and can the process change to shift from a semi mechanised process of producing jute fiber to mechanised production of jute and hemp fiber. The HempTrain™ is capable of efficiently separating baled hemp feedstock into specified high-value fractions; including a extraction-ready … John Lupien, BastCore’s founder and president, greeted everyone at the beginning of the tour before going into detail about the machinery used in processing at the mill. Jute is a rain-fed crop with little need for fertilizer or pesticides. Swiss company Litrax is, however involved in the development of sustainable manufacturing of bamboo fibre. Bast fiber concentration is highest in the "bark" of the stem while high lignin but shorter hurd fibers dominate in the rest of the stem. It is second only to soy in its nutritional value, is highly digestible and an effective unsaturated oil. Hansen Organic. The root system of bamboo creates an effective watershed, stitching the soil together along fragile river banks, deforested areas, and in places prone to mudslides. The fibers may be useful for other applications, such as paper. But upon reaching my destination, it would seem Nebraska has extraordinary qualities you might not see from simply glancing out the window. This is a labour-intensive process and is used to produce bamboo ‘linen’. They would separate the bast fiber from the hurd by hand. However, it is far less labor intensive and less expensive than water retting. Years of selective breeding have produced many different varieties. Unlike synthetic fibers, bast fibers are made up … Kenaf fiber is also considered a substitute for jute and used in sacking, rope, and bags. The traditional uses for kenaf have been rope, twine and coarse cloth as well as for fuel and nutrition. The two varieties of jute are white jute corchorus capsularis or Indian jute and Tossa jute corchorus olitorius, which is Afro-Arabic jute. A new process has recently been developed that makes it possible to use the same machinery as cotton when weaving hemp. Japan, under American influence also restricted the growth of hemp in 1948 and is one of the few Eastern countries to have prohibited its cultivation. Bast fibers such as jute, kenaf, hemp, flax, ramie and roselle [ 14, 15] are grown commercially for developing into wide variety of sustainable yarn, fabric materials, textiles, paper, cement building products [,, ] and also been regarded as promising reinforcing agents in bio-based polymeric matrices [ 19] in polymer composites industry due to their renewability, lightweight, high specific … HempTrain™ efficiently separates bast fiber from hurd in a processing technique that does not damage the fiber strings (bundles), keeping the fiber long, … Hemp is the generic name for the entire cannabis family of plants. https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, very interesting machine, we are plan to cultivate hemp in Thailand and Lao , please advice if we want to install a raw hemp fiber processing unit capacity around 1000 Kg. Thank you in advance! Hello everyone, Processing. The principal consumers of Ramie fibre are Japan, France, Germany and the United Kingdom. As I drove down from Minneapolis to Omaha for the first time, I’d likely add ‘long stretches of highway!’ to that list. It is not clear if the fibers will be useful for textiles, as they tend to be much shorter and coarser than those from plants bred for fiber. Processed bast fibers arrive at hemp product manufacturing facilities packaged in compressed bales similar to hay. This regular harvesting is of benefit to the health of the plant and studies have shown that cutting of bamboo canes leads to vigorous re-growth and an increase in the amount of biomass the following year. your mill to see how flax would work with your machinery. There are no regulations or concerns regarding THC in fiber from cannabis plants. I will have Nicholas Wenner connect with you directly about your question. The longest and more desirable flax fibres are from plants that have been hand harvested; this is the process of pulling the complete plant with root (fibres go all the way to the root) from the ground. It is grown in Ireland and Northern Europe; from Southern Normandy, France to Belgium and the Netherlands, which together produce 85% of the world’s flax. It is done by degradation or disruption of … Hemp is a 'bast' fiber plant similar to flax, kenaf, jute and ramie. First, I want thank you for your support. The best picture of the finished fiber is the one in the photo with the coin. It flourishes best in warm humid temperatures but is also able to withstand droughts and can achieve a life span of twenty years. There are over 1600 species of bamboo found in diverse climates from cold mountains to hot tropical regions. Naturally Advanced Technologies Inc. (NAT), Vancouver, Canada, has granted licence to Tuscarora Yarns Inc. under which Tuscarora will design and manufacture specialty yarns containing blends of NAT's CRAILAR® Flax fibre with cotton or other fibres. Let’s help each other and save the world with hemp! Bamboo typically grows very densely and its clumping nature enables substantial quantities to be grown in a comparatively small area, easing pressure on land use. In North America they are cultivated primarily for seeds for use in the beauty, food, and health industries. Hello, thank you for reaching out. Tossa jute is also grown as a staple food and is now grown in India. The emerging uses for it today span engineering applications, insulation paper and clothing grade cloth as well as providing vegetable oil from the seeds. Written and photographed by Maddy Bartsch. Posted in Bast Fiber, Research. It is commonly used in regions of low water supply. I’ve been in California for a little bit and I’ve seen the fibre from canabis being burned or composted. It also sustains many varieties of invertebrate species. As a textile fibre it blends well with both other natural fibres and synthetics and when dyed it retains colour well being both colour and light fast. Nathan, I am interested to see where your plans for the OR decortication and processing facility in OR are? Hemp fabric withstands water better than any other textile product. During water retting, the hemp bast is separated into large fiber bundles. Flax and ramie strands, however, are usually separated into individual fibre cells, or true plant fibres. Bamboo fibre for textiles is either produced mechanically (via the retting process), or chemically (regenerated via the viscose process). per hour, Hi there, it’s exciting to hear about your hemp plans; for information on machinery, John at Bastcore would be the best person to connect with: you can find his email address at http://www.bastcore.com/. Who do I talk to at your company with regard to being a grower/provider of hemp to your operation? I am from Robeson county which has a rich history in farming. Check out ReStalk: Hi, Bamboo fabric made from this process is sometimes called bamboo linen. Since my friends and I have just finished shearing this would be a prime time to explore this project! Many Chinese producers of bamboo viscose continue to use caustic chemicals in their processing, negating the sustainable benefits of the raw fibre. Bast fibres, like linen and flax are obtained from the phloem, or inner bark (or skin) of a plant. Looking at feasibility of industrial hemp for fiber processing. Hemp fabric is similar to linen in both hand and appearance. It doesn’t work with farmers directly but influences how farmers in the flax or hemp space produce their natural fiber inputs. CC BY-NCIf you use this content on your site please link back to this page and credit accordingly. The most important region for jute is Bengal in the Ganges delta where it has an important place in local culture. Chemical retting is more expensive and does not produce the superior quality fibre obtained from the biological retting process. (404)719-2200 Do you have a contract for selling HURD? It is a species of hibiscus with visual similarities to Jute. Bast fibers can be obtained either from cultivated herbs, such as flax, hemp, and ramie, or wild plants, such as linden, wisteria, and mulberry. The fibres support the conductive cells of the phloem and provide strength to the stem. Bets of luck! For High Strength Reinforcement Applications, High-end Textiles, Cordage and Composite Materials & Products. The common stinging Nettle, Urtica dioica, is a widely distributed plant that grows very easily on disturbed ground that is damp. These include linseed oil for linoleum, soap, fuel and cattle feed. I have applied for my NC Hempgrowers and processors license. Dew retting is a more sustainable process where the stalks are left out in the field for 6 weeks, and are acted upon by the dew, sun and fungi. Sandy has family in the Omaha area we would be staying with them and would like to bring a sample of our flax that will be harvested in May. As I pulled into what looked like an industrial park, with trucks rolling in and out from a nearby business, the building I approached was unassuming and virtually blank from the outside. In Canada the export of hemp seeds has increased by over 300% over the last two years. Nettles have a long history as a textile fibre substitute for linen, dating back to medieval times, and have also been used commercially more recently during both World Wars, when other crops such as cotton were scarce. India produces a variety of hemp known as. They are based in NC and it sounds like would be a good fit to connect and share resources. Bast fiber is strong, which explains why it is the part of the plant used to make rope and canvas like that of boat sails. In stream retting the plants are immersed in slow moving streams for a longer time and the quality of the product is high. I am aware of the legislations that have passed in NC as well a the newly approved Farm Bill. The finest qualities of hemp for fabric are now produced in Italy. 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